Drs Martin & Sue Allbright

'Blending an ancient medical approach of mind and body with modern health'

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Acupuncture Research

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Structure

Density

Rigidity

Evidence

We would like to share with you our personal view, beliefs and approach about the research that is presented on these pages.






We both value the research of modern science and the many developments that have been discovered.

We also value the depth of wisdom and knowledge of traditional and classical five element acupuncture, which integrates the many aspects of body and mind.

We acknowledge the information gained from research, and we endevaour to use it where appropriate when meeting the needs of an individual who is suffering in health.

We hope later to share more information on the five elements of acupuncture.

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Classical Acupuncture

This site was last updated on

20th August 2018


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Fibromyalgia (FM)

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided in this site is accurate. It is not the intention to mislead or misinform anyone.


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(2018) Preliminary findings of a 2-months acupuncture intervention on symptomatology and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia

'Conclusions A 2 months acupuncture treatment provides an important global improvement in the health status in FM patients refractory/intolerant to the pharmacologic therapy. The strongest ameliorations are represented by the reduction in the Tender Points number and in the somatic symptoms.'

Di Carlo M, Beci G, Salaffi F. (2017) Preliminary findings of a 2-months acupuncture intervention on symptomatology and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2018;77:1644.


(2018) Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Women with Fibromyalgia: Group Acupuncture with Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis-Based Point Selection

'Conclusions: Compared with education, group acupuncture improved global symptom impact, pain, and fatigue. Furthermore, it was a safe and well-tolerated treatment option, improving a broader proportion of patients than current pharmaceutical options.'

Scott D Mist, Kim Dupree Jones. (2017) Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Women with Fibromyalgia: Group Acupuncture with Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis-Based Point Selection. Pain Medicine, Volume 19, Issue 9, 1 September 2018, Pages 1862–1871, https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnx322


(2017) The levels of the neurotransmitter Neuropeptide Y (NPY) are altered by acupuncture in patients with fibromyalgia and it is postulated this may play a role in the pain modulation of FM


(2017) The effects of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled clinical trial.


'OBJECTIVE: The aim of this manuscript is to determine and to compare the efficacy of real acupuncture with sham acupuncture on fibromyalgia (FM) treatment.

METHODS: 50 women with FM were randomized into 2 groups to receive either true acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Subjects were evaluated with VAS (at night, at rest, during activity), SF-36, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Beck Depression scale (BDI), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) at baseline, 1 month and 2 months after the 1st session. Patients in both groups received 3 sessions in the 1st week, 2 sessions/week during 2 weeks and 1 session/week in the following 5 weeks (totally 12 sessions).

The acupuncture points employed were LI 4, ST 36, LV 3, GB 41, GB 34, GB 20, SI 3, SI 4, UB 62, UB 10, SP 6, HT 7, DU 20, DU 14, Kd 27, Ren 6, PC 6. Control Park sham needle.

RESULTS: 25 subjects with a mean age of 47,28±7,86 years were enrolled in true acupuncture group and 25 subjects with a mean age of 43,60±8,18 years were enrolled in sham acupuncture group. Both groups improved significantly in all parameters 1 month after the 1st session and this improvement persisted 2 months after the 1st session (p<0,05). However, real acupuncture group had better scores than sham acupuncture score in terms of all VAS scores, BDI and FIQ scores either 1 or 2 months after the 1st session (all p<0,05).

CONCLUSION: Acupuncture significantly improved pain and symptoms of FM. Although sham effect was important, real acupuncture treatment seems to be effective in treatment of FM.'


Uğurlu FG, Sezer N, Aktekin L, Fidan F, Tok F, Akkuş S.. (2017) The effects of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Acta Reumatol Port. 2017 Jan-Mar;42(1):32-37.



(2017) Alterations of brain activity in fibromyalgia patients

'Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Functional Magnetic Resonance (fMRI) have been used to gather evidence regarding the changes of brain morphologies and activities in fibromyalgia patients.'

'Those findings suggested that non-pharmacological therapies such as acupuncture, ....can result in clinical pain reduction after therapy by reduction of brain activities in multiple brain regions, particularly areas for the activation of pain afferents and increased in brain activities in the descending pain.'

Sawaddiruk P et al. (2017) Alterations of brain activity in fibromyalgia patients. J Clin Neurosci (2017), http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jocn.2016.12.014


(2017) Acupuncture decreased the risk of coronary heart disease in patients with fibromyalgia in Taiwan: a nationwide matched cohort study.

Go to Coronary Heart Disease

Wu M.Y. et al. (2017) Acupuncture decreased the risk of coronary heart disease in patients with fibromyalgia in Taiwan: a nationwide matched cohort study. Arthritis Research & Therapy (2017) 19:37 DOI 10.1186/s13075-017-1239-7


(2016) Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) –Newer Concepts in Pathogenesis Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Pathophysiology of FMS including reference to benefit of acupuncture.Table 4

Shiji.P.V et al. (2016) Fibromyalgia Syndrome –Newer Concepts in Pathogenesis Diagnosis, and Treatment. Gjra - Global Journal For Research AnalysisVolume-5, Issue-10, October - 2016 • ISSN No 2277 - 8160

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(2012) Decreased Intrinsic Brain Connectivity Is Associated With Reduced Clinical Pain in Fibromyalgia

‘Conclusion. Our findings suggest that intrinsic

brain connectivity can be used as a candidate objective

marker that reflects changes in spontaneous chronic

pain within individual FM patients. We propose that

intrinsic connectivity measures could potentially be

used in either research or clinical settings as a complementary, more objective outcome measure for use in FM.’


Basically to summarise, acupuncture applied according to (2005 below), improves brain functioning as measured by intrinsic default mode network(DMN).




Napadow V. et al.(2012) Decreased Intrinsic Brain Connectivity Is Associated With Reduced Clinical Pain in Fibromyalgia. ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATISM Vol. 64, No. 7, July 2012, pp 2398–2403 DOI 10.1002/art.34412 © 2012, American College of Rheumatology


(2005) Treatment of fibromyalgia with formula acupuncture: investigation of needle placement, needle stimulation, and treatment frequency.

'Needling Method. The active point formula (Du 20, LI 11, LI 4, GB 34, bilateral St 36, Sp 6, Liv 3, and Ear-Shenmen) was chosen based on the points’ ability to relieve FM symptoms in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Needles placed in the nontraditional groups were not on acupuncture meridians or points.

RESULTS: Overall pain improvement was noted with 25%-35% of subjects having a clinically significant decrease in pain; however this was not dependent upon "correct" needle stimulation (t = 1.03; p = 0.307) or location (t = 0.76; p = 0.450). An overall dose effect of treatment was observed, with three sessions weekly providing more analgesia than sessions once weekly (t = 2.10; p = 0.039). Among treatment responders, improvements in pain, fatigue, and physical function were highly codependent (all p < or = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: Although needle insertion led to analgesia and improvement in other somatic symptoms, correct needle location and stimulation were not crucial.'

Harris, Richard E.; Tian, Xiaoming; Williams, David A.; Tian, Thomas X.; Cupps, Thomas R.; Petzke, Frank; Groner, Kimberly H.; Biswas, Pinaki; Gracely, Richard H.; Clauw, Daniel J. (2005). "Treatment of Fibromyalgia with Formula Acupuncture: Investigation of Needle Placement, Needle Stimulation, and Treatment Frequency." The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 11(4): 663-671 <http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/63411>


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